ISRO Building Igloos to Set-up Outpost on The Moon
New Delhi, Feb 25: A new research has suggested that water on the moon is distributed across the surface and not confined to a region or terrain. India’s Chandrayaan-1 mission and NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter new research contradicts previous research suggesting water was confined to certain areas and depended on lunar days.
The latest findings can help researchers understand the origin of the Moon’s water and how easy it would be to use as a resource. If the Moon has enough water, and if it is reasonably convenient to access, future explorers might be able to use it as drinking water or to convert it into hydrogen and oxygen for rocket fuel or oxygen to breathe.
A senior research scientist with the Space Science Institute in the US, Joshua Bandfield, said that the presence of water doesn’t appear to depend on the composition of the surface, and the water sticks around.
Water, water, everywhere, but is there a drop to drink? Data from 2 lunar missions finds evidence that the Moon’s water is widely distributed across the surface. If the Moon has enough accessible , it could be an essential resource to future explorers: https://t.co/4NuyjtO4uS pic.twitter.com/VlkTTKJqcp
— NASA (@NASA) February 24, 2018
Results showed widespread and relatively immobile water indicating that it may be present primarily as hydroxyl (OH), a more reactive relative of H2O that is made of one oxygen atom and one hydrogen atom. It also suggests that any H2O present on the moon isn’t loosely attached to the surface.
Discussions are still continuing among researchers about what exactly these new findings reveal about the source of the moon’s water. One theory is that the water is created by the solar wind hitting the lunar surface; however, the team hasn’t ruled out the possibility that the moon itself could be the source. It is conceivable that the water could be slowly released from deep inside minerals, where it has been locked since the moon was formed, NASA stated.