A study suggests that for patients with mental health conditions, it is vital to build their self-esteem. The study from the University of Waterloo found that youth with psychiatric disorders currently receiving inpatient services reported lower self-concept, particularly global self-worth, compared to those receiving outpatient services. The study examined 47 youth aged 8-17 years who were receiving inpatient and outpatient psychiatric services at McMaster's Children Hospital in Hamilton. The participants' self-concept was measured using the Self-Perception Profile for Children and Adolescents. When conducting treatment programs to improve the mental health of youth who are hospitalized, self-concept might be an important factor. The study has been published in the Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.