With hormone therapy, stooped body posture in women can be cured. A study found that hormone therapy (HT) use was associated with a reduction in vertebral fracture risk. The Women's Health Initiative found that such benefits may also guard against a woman's risk of developing hyperkyphosis, an exaggerated curvature of the spine that creates a forward-stooped posture. The significant decline in estrogen experienced during the menopause transition contributes to an accelerated bone loss. Hormone therapy reverses bone loss and helps prevent fractures. Given that hyperkyphosis is also associated with bone loss and vertebral fractures, it was hypothesised that exaggerated spine curvature, sometimes called dowager's hump may be prevented by HT. Beyond its adverse aesthetic effects, hyperkyphosis is associated with the poor physical function, an increased risk of falls and fractures, and earlier mortality.