Improving heart health could prevent frailty in old age, finds a study. The study found that even small reductions in risk factors helped to reduce frailty, as well as dementia, chronic pain, and other disabling conditions of old age. Many perceive frailty to be an inevitable consequence of ageing but the study found that severe frailty was 85 percent less likely in those with near ideal cardiovascular risk factors. It also found that those with fewer heart disease risk factors were much less likely to have other conditions unrelated to the heart including chronic pain, incontinence, falls, fractures, and dementia. The study analysed data from more than 421,000 people aged 60-69. The researchers analysed six factors that could impact on heart health. They looked at uncontrolled high blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels, plus being overweight, doing little physical activity and being a current smoker.