The US Open Tennis Tournament 2020 starts today (Monday) and it will continue till September 13. The tournament like each year is taking place at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, in Flushing Meadows, Queens, New York. It is one of the four Grand Slam tournaments - Australian Open, Wimbledon, French Open and US Open.
The only Grand Slam that is played in North America, it consists of five categories - men's singles and doubles, women's singles and doubles, and mixed doubles.
HISTORY OF US OPEN
The US Open was developed from the US National Championship, which began in 1881 as a national men's singles and doubles competition. At that time, clubs that were members of the US National Lawn Tennis Association were only allowed to participate in the tournament.
Six years later, in 1887, women's singles was included and after two years, women's doubles started taking place. Mixed doubles was introduced in 1892.
Till 1968, matches in different categories were played at various venues. Since 1968, the tournament has been taking place at a single venue, the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, Queens, New York. From that year, the tournament began to be known as the US Open.
In 1978, it was decided to move the US Open to Flushing Meadows. Earlier, it was played at a variety of surfaces. From 1881 to 1974, it took place on grass, while for three years, from 1975 to 1977, it was played on clay. But, since 1978, all the tournaments have taken place on the acrylic hard courts.
The 1992 semifinal match between American Michael Chang and Stefan Edberg of Sweden went on for five hours and 26 minutes. In the end, Edberg emerged victorious, getting the better of Chang 6-7, 7-5, 7-6, 5-7, 6-4.
In 1898, the five-set match between Juliette Atkinson and Marion Jones continued for 51 games. At that time, there was no concept of tiebreakers. In that fixture, Atkinson defeated Jones.