By Paul Carrel
MUNICH (Reuters) - Germany's president took an indirect swipe at U.S. President Donald Trump on Friday in accusing Washington, China and Russia of stoking global mistrust and insecurity with a "great powers" competition" that could threaten a new nuclear arms race.
In opening remarks at the annual Munich Security Conference, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier deplored the three big powers' approach to global affairs and, without naming Trump, took issue with his vow to "make America great again".
"'Great again' - even at the expense of neighbors and partners," quipped Steinmeier, a former Social Democrat foreign minister whose comments on foreign policy carry authority.
As foreign minister in 2014, he was central to the so-called "Munich consensus" when German leaders said Berlin was ready to assume more responsibility in global affairs. Steinmeier pressed that point again on Friday, but not before bemoaning the foreign policy approaches of Russia, China and the United States.
"Russia...has made military force and the violent shifting of borders on the European continent the means of politics once again," he said in the text of a speech for delivery at the opening of the conference.
"China...accepts international law only selectively where it does not run counter to its own interests," Steinmeier said. "And our closest ally, the United States of America, under the present administration itself, rejects the idea of an international community."
The upshot was "more mistrust, more armament, less security...all the way to a new nuclear arms race," he said.
In response, he said, Germany should raise defense spending to contribute more to European security and to maintain its alliance with the United States, recognizing that U.S. interests were gravitating away from Europe toward Asia.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas later said: "Germany is prepared to become more involved, including militarily.
"But let us not narrow the discussion down to a single question. The strength of our alliance is not measured in euros or dollars alone," he added, responding to U.S. pressure on Germany to increase its defense spending.
"Relentless discussion, not maximum disruption, brings good results," he said, adding of NATO: "Only together do we have the economic strength, the military potential and the ideas of political order needed to defend the rule-based world order."
Steinmeier called for a European policy toward Russia "that is not limited to condemning statements and sanctions alone".
Europe, he added, "must find its own balance with China between intensifying competition between systems and the need for cooperation."
(Writing by Paul Carrel; Editing by Mark Heinrich and Alex Richardson)