By Humeyra Pamuk
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Turkey expects President Donald Trump to use a waiver to protect it if the U.S. Congress decides to sanction Ankara over a planned purchase of a Russian missile defence system, a Turkish presidential spokesman said on Tuesday.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said last week that Washington had told Ankara it could face retribution for buying the S-400s under a sanctions law known as Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CATSAA).
Turkey has not backed down from its purchase and said it should not trigger sanctions as Ankara is not an adversary of Washington and remains committed to the NATO alliance.
Speaking to reporters during a trip to Washington, Ibrahim Kalin, spokesman to Turkey's President Tayyip Erdogan, said Ankara hoped a solution would be found to avoid sanctions.
"If it comes to that, that is the sanctions proposed to be implemented by the Congress, of course we will expect President Trump to use his power for a waiver on that issue," Kalin said.
"He may have a good case to make to the Congress," he said.
Asked if Trump has explicitly signalled he would issue a waiver, Kalin said he did not. "I cannot say that he did. This is a message we are conveying."
U.S. officials have called Turkey's planned purchase of Russian-made S-400 missile defence systems "deeply problematic," saying it would risk Ankara's partnership in the joint strike fighter F-35 programme because it would compromise the jets, made by Lockheed Martin Corp. Turkey has refused to back down and said it will take delivery of the S-400s in July.
Kalin said Ankara has proposed to Washington that the two countries establish a technical committee under the umbrella of NATO to determine whether S-400 system endanger the F-35 jet as U.S. argues and that it was waiting to hear back from the United States and NATO.
"Because it really comes down to this technical issue. The main argument that we are presented with is that it will jeopardise the F-35s. Let's find out if that's really the case," Kalin said.
The United States and other NATO allies that own F-35s fear the radar on the Russian S-400 missile system will learn how to spot and track the jet, making it less able to evade Russian weapons.
The disagreement is the latest in a series of diplomatic disputes between the United States and Turkey. They include Turkish demands that Washington extradite cleric Fethullah Gulen, differences over Middle East policy and the war in Syria, and sanctions on Iran.
Asked what Turkey would do if Trump abstained from providing a waiver, Kalin said Turkey would have to wait and see the scope of the sanctions, but hopes it does not come to that.
"Threats and sanctions would be very counter productive, backfire and will not produce any results positively," he said.
(Reporting by Humeyra Pamuk; Writing by Sarah Dadouch and Ezgi Erkoyun; Editing by Bill Berkrot and Grant McCool)