New Delhi, Apr 30 (PTI) The Centre on Friday said it has asked the states to treat the available oxygen as a critical commodity and undertake an oxygen-consumption audit at all hospitals, including private ones, amid a shortage of the life-saving gas in several parts of the country.
Addressing a press conference, Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Lav Agarwal said from the start of the pandemic, the government had identified oxygen-supported beds as major clinical interventions.
'We have requested the states to treat the available oxygen as a critical commodity and also to ensure a rational use of oxygen,' Agarwal said.
He said the states have been advised to prohibit an abnormal use of oxygen by monitoring the non-closure of the cylinder valve when it is not being used.
It has been observed that oxygen cylinders are being given as part of home-based COVID-19 care packages by some private hospitals, Agarwal noted.
He said it has also been reiterated that the states build COVID suspect wards for patients whose test results are yet to be out.
'If any patient whose result is not there for any reason, but who exhibits clinical symptoms of COVID-19, admit the patient to a COVID suspect ward and start his treatment,' Agarwal said.
Listing out the steps taken by the Centre to augment the supply of oxygen, he said the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) has issued instructions for fixing the price of liquid medical oxygen.
Agarwal said 162 pressure swing adsorption (PSA) plants of 154-MT capacity each have been sanctioned across the country. Of these, 52 are already installed, 87 have been delivered and work to commission these plants at the earliest is on.
The PSA plants can enable hospitals for in-situ generation of oxygen.
Agarwal said the states have been allotted 8,593 MT of oxygen.
The government had procured 1,02,400 oxygen cylinders in April-May 2020 and distributed those among the states, he noted.
'An order for 1,27,000 oxygen cylinders was placed on April 21 and the deliveries are expected to start in a couple of days. These include 54,000 jumbo cylinders ('D' type) and 73,000 regular cylinders ('B' type).
'Additionally, 551 PSA plants have been sanctioned to be implemented by the health ministry. These plants will be installed in different public health facilities,' he added.
Agarwal said oxygen is being imported and so far, an order for 200 MT of the life-saving oxygen has been placed with MSSB Cryogenic, Singapore, another for 1800 MT has been placed with Gulf Industrial Gases, Abu Dhabi and yet another for 1,500 MT has been given to Ultra Pure Gases.
Efforts are being made to increase the availability of oxygen tankers to over 2,000 (from the existing 1,224 tankers with 16,732 MT capacity) through the conversion of 50 per cent of the 600 nitrogen and argon tankers and the import of 138 cryogenic tankers for oxygen, he added.
In the second wave of the pandemic, the rate of rise of the infection has been rapid, which has put an immense strain on the health infrastructure. The doubling of COVID-19 cases has also been rapid, which should ease if the turnover time reduces, Agarwal said.
The pandemic is spreading to tier-2 and tier-3 cities, so it is very important to train doctors about treating this new disease, AIIMS Director Randeep Guleria said, while underlining that misuse of drugs like Remdesivir and Tocilizumab has to be avoided. PTI PLB/PR RC