Top Asian News 3:46 a.m. GMT

TOKYO (AP) — Japan needs to bolster its missile defenses and its alliance with the United States, its government stressed Tuesday in an annual defense review that judged North Korea to still be a serious threat that has not taken concrete steps to denuclearize. The defense paper, approved Tuesday by the Cabinet, said Japan must add to its missile defense capabilities to be fully prepared while watching if North Korea keeps its promise. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un signed a vague joint statement at their summit in June that included agreements to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.

GENEVA (AP) — Investigators working for the U.N.'s top human rights body said Monday that Myanmar military leaders should be prosecuted for genocide against Rohingya Muslims, taking the unusual step of identifying by name six of those it says were behind systematic crimes targeting the ethnic minority. The call, accompanying a first report by the team of investigators, amounts to some of the strongest language yet from U.N. officials who have denounced alleged human rights violations in Myanmar since a bloody crackdown began last August. The three-member "fact-finding mission" and their team, working under a mandate from the U.N.-backed Human Rights Council, meticulously assembled hundreds of accounts from expatriate Rohingya, as well as satellite footage and other information for the report.

YANGON, Myanmar (AP) — Facebook said Monday that it is banning Myanmar's powerful military chief and 19 other individuals and organizations from its site to prevent the spread of hate and misinformation. The social media giant was heavily criticized for permitting itself to be used to inflame ethnic and religious conflict in the country, particularly against minority Rohingya Muslims. It has been accused of being lax in fighting online misinformation and manipulation in many countries, but Myanmar is one where it has been most closely tied to deadly violence. Some 700,000 Rohingya have fled from Myanmar's western state of Rakhine over the past year in response to a brutal counterinsurgency campaign by the military, which has been accused of massive human rights violations.

GENEVA (AP) — China is challenging the latest round of U.S. tariffs against Chinese goods through the World Trade Organization. The Chinese government on Monday formally requested "dispute consultations" with the United States over the Trump administration's imposition of $16 billion in tariffs on Chinese goods last week. China has responded with similar taxes on U.S. goods. Its request to the World Trade Organization opens a 60-day period for the two countries to hold talks. China already is holding talks with the U.S. about its previous tariffs on both Chinese steel and aluminum products and over alleged Chinese violations of U.S.

HANOI, Vietnam (AP) — Sen. John McCain's Vietnamese jailer said he respected his former inmate and felt sad about his death, as others in Vietnam paid their respects to the former U.S. Navy pilot who became a prisoner of war and later was instrumental in bringing the wartime foes together. McCain's Skyhawk dive bomber was shot down over Hanoi in 1967 and he was taken prisoner and held in the infamous "Hanoi Hilton" prison for more than five years. Former Col. Tran Trong Duyet, who ran the prison at the time, said he met with McCain many times while he was confined there.

PYONGYANG, North Korea (AP) — Ostrich skin ready for tailoring, huge flat-screen TVs, "Neo-Viagra" and a cure for cancer? North Korea's official shopper's guide is glossy and full of testimonials from satisfied customers and phone and email contact information for the dozens of companies pitching their latest products — though good luck reaching any of them. The "2018 Korea Commodities" catalog, produced by the North's Committee for the Promotion of International Trade, reflects a side of North Korea often lost in the shadow of its nuclear weapons. Leader Kim Jong Un and many other North Koreans firmly believe their country needs to make more and better consumer goods and sell them to the outside world if it is ever going to have a strong — or even sustainable — economy.

CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Australia's former prime minister said on Monday he will resign from Parliament this week in a move that could cost the unpopular conservative government its single-seat majority. Malcolm Turnbull told supporters that he will resign from Parliament on Friday, a week after he was forced from office by lawmakers in his conservative Liberal Party because he had lost their support. That could set the stage for an Oct. 6 by-election. Prime Minister Scott Morrison could also call general elections, although he has said he plans to hold polls close to when an election is due in May.

CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Australia's former foreign minister has described the shooting down of a Malaysia Airlines flight over Ukraine in 2014 as the most emotional time of her life. Julie Bishop was reflecting Tuesday on her five years as Australia's first woman foreign minister after she quit the Cabinet following an unsuccessful bid last week to become prime minister. Most of new Prime Minister Scott Morrison's Cabinet was sworn in on Tuesday, including the new Foreign Minister Marise Payne. Bishop says she remains in contact with the families of the 38 Australian citizens and residents who were among the 298 people killed when a missile brought down Flight 17 on July 17, 2014.

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — Russia postponed indefinitely a meeting on the Afghan peace process planned for next week, Afghan officials said. A statement released Monday by the office of the Afghan presidency said that Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani have decided to postpone the meeting and hold it at a later date. President Ghani insists the peace talks should be "Afghan owned and led," according to the statement. Lavrov said Russia agrees the peace process should be under the auspices of the Afghans and it is "ready to cooperate," the statement added. Russia's Foreign Ministry, which had extended the invitation to the Taliban despite the group's official designation as a terrorist organization in Russia, also confirmed in a statement Monday that the talks have been postponed after Lavrov's conversation with Ghani.

BEIJING (AP) — Chinese officials on Monday defended Beijing's initiative to build a "New Silk Road" of railways and other infrastructure across Asia against complaints it leaves host countries with too much debt after Malaysia canceled two high-profile projects. The officials said President Xi Jinping's signature foreign policy initiative is creating assets that are needed by developing countries but might take time to pay off. The deputy chairman of the Cabinet planning agency, Ning Jizhe, rejected what he said were foreign news reports that blamed the initiative for debt problems. "People's livelihoods and economic development have been boosted," Ning said at a news conference.