Timeline: Kasab’s journey to the gallows

Here is the chronology of events, from November 26, 2008 onwards to the time Kasab was hanged on November 21, 2012.

26/11: Chronology of events

MUMBAI: Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab, the Pakistani terrorist who butchered dozens of innocent Indians in cold blood in Mumbai on November 26, 2008, was on Wednesday hanged to death in Pune’s Yerawada Jail.

And even as Pakistan continues to be in denial about its involvement in the most heinous terrorist strikes against India, the capture, the subsequent trial and the hanging of the terrorist prove beyond doubt Islamabad’s hostile attitude towards New Delhi.

It took four years – almost – to bring Kasab to justice. And this is the chronology of events, from November 26, 2008 onwards to the time he was hanged:

Nov 26, 2008: Ajmal Kasab and 9 other fully armed terrorists launch an unprecedented attack in Mumbai on unsuspecting unarmed civilians.

Nov 27, 2008: At around 1.30 a.m., Kasab overpowered and caught by brave heart Mumbai cop Tukaram Ombale, who finally lost his life having been pumped with bullets from an AK-47 rifle by Kasab. Once caught, an injured Kasab is arrested and admitted to Mumbai’s Nair Hospital.

Nov 29, 2008: India's National Security Guards carry out ‘Operation Black Tornado’ to flush out terrorists in the Taj and Trident hotels. All places that were attacked – the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower, the Oberoi Trident, Leopold Cafe, Cama Hospital, the Nariman House Jewish community centre (Chabad House) – were fully secured by now; and 9 terrorists were killed.

Nov 30, 2008: Kasab confesses before police.

Dec 27/28, 2008: Identification parade held.

Jan 13, 2009: Justice M L Tahaliyani appointed 26/11 judge.

Jan 16, 2009: Arthur Road Jail selected for Kasab's trial.

Feb 5, 2009: Kasab's DNA samples match with articles found in Kuber, the boat which the terrorists commandeered after killing its crew on their way to Mumbai from Pakistan.

Feb 20/21, 2009: Kasab confesses before magistrate.

Feb 22, 2009: Ujjwal Nikam appointed Special Public Prosecutor.

Feb 25, 2009: Charge sheet against Kasab, two others filed in court.

Apr 1, 2009: Anjali Waghmare appointed Kasab's lawyer.

Apr 15, 2009: Anjali Waghmare removed as Kasab's lawyer.

Apr 16, 2009: Abbas Kazmi appointed as Kasab's lawyer.

Apr 17, 2009: Kasab's confession opened in court, but he retracts.

May 6, 2009: Kasab charged on as many as 86 counts, but denies charges.

May 8, 2009: First eyewitness deposes, identifies Kasab.

June 23, 2009: Non-bailable warrants issued against 22 people involved in the terrorist operation. These include Hafeez Saeed, Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, etc, all of whom are moving around freely in Pakistan.

Nov 30, 2009: Abbas Kazmi, who took over as Kasab’s lawyer after Anjali Waghmare was removed, too is removed as the terrorist’s lawyer.

Dec 1, 2009: K P Pawar is now appointed as Kasab’s lawyer.

Dec 16, 2009: Prosecution completes its case in 26/11.

Dec 18, 2009: Kasab denies all charges.

March 31, 2010: Arguments in the case end. Special Judge M L Tahaliyani reserves judgement for May 3, 2010.

May 3, 2010: Kasab convicted, Sabauddin Ahmed and Faheem Ansari acquitted of all charges.

May 6, 2010: Kasab was sentenced to death by the trial court.

Feb 21, 2011: Bombay High Court upholds death sentence to Kasab.

March 2011: Kasab writes a letter to the Supreme Court challenging the high court order.

Oct 10, 2011: SC stays execution of the death sentence awarded to Pakistani terrorist Kasab.

Oct 10, 2011: Kasab tells SC that he was brainwashed into committing the crime in the name of ‘Allah’. Thus, he argued, he did not deserve capital punishment, especially since he is so young.

Oct 18, 2011: The Supreme Court admits Maharashtra government's appeal challenging the acquittal of Faheem Ansari and Sabauddin Ahmed, co-accused of Ajmal Kasab, in the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack.

Oct 18, 2010: Case begins in Bombay High Court, Kasab appears on screen through video conference.

Oct 19, 2010: Kasab throws tantrums, says he wants to attend the court in person; spits at camera and says ‘send me to America’; judges warn him to behave properly.

Oct 21, 2010: Kasab reiterates before his lawyers that he wants to appear in the court personally.

Oct 25, 2010: High Court judges view CCTV footage purportedly showing Kasab and slain terrorist Abu Ismael being involved in acts of terror.

Oct 27, 2010: Prosecutor Ujjwal Nikam justifies the death sentence awarded to Kasab by trial court.

Dec 7, 2010: Kasab denies killing police officer Hemant Karkare and two other top cops. His lawyer argues that bullets in their bodies did not match with Kasab's rifle.

Jan 31, 2012: Kasab tells SC that he was not given a free and fair trial in the case.

Feb 23, 2012: SC hears intercepted conversations between the perpetrators of 26/11 Mumbai terror attack and their Pakistani handlers and watched the CCTV footage of the carnage.

Apr 25, 2012: SC reserves its verdict after a marathon hearing, spanning over two and a half month.

Aug 29, 2012: SC upholds death sentence of Kasab and acquittal of two alleged Indian co-conspirators in the case.

Oct 16, 2012: Union Home Ministry recommends to President for rejection of Kasab's mercy plea.

Nov 5, 2012: President Pranab Mukherjee rejects Kasab's mercy petition.

Nov 8, 2012: Maharashtra government informed about President's decision.

Nov 21, 2012: Ajmal Kasab hanged in Yerawada Jail in Pune.

Nov 21, 2012: Pakistan and the family members of Ajmal Kasab informed about the execution. Union Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde announces that Kasab's body will be laid to rest in India, as Pakistan has refused to claim it.

Nov 21, 2012:  Ajmal Kasab, who was hanged to death at 7.30 am, buried in Pune's Yerawada Jail, according to reports.