“You all are divided into small pieces” - Nishikant Kamat’s Madaari featuring Irfan Khan as a vigilante fighting the system carries this chilling message at its end. Divided into fragments over religion, caste, language, food habits and other issues India is still riven by factionalism, even decades after having attained Independence from the British.
On the occasion of India’s 73rd Independence Day, we present a list of ‘The 100 Greatest Indians since Independence’. The list consists of political leaders, movie personalities, greats from the world of literature, culture, art, sport, civil society, et cetera, who were alive when India achieved Independence. However, this NOT a ranked list. It is our tribute to India’s great sons and daughters who have done us proud through their achievements and contributions to the nation. Any such compilation would be contentious and there will always be debate around why a certain great Indian does not feature in the list. We do acknowledge that no such list would be perfect. If you, dear reader, feel some of the names should not be among the top 100 and some others should be there, do call it out in the Comments section. This list was arrived at after painstaking discussions, research and polls, and takes into account what impact these greats’ contributions had on subsequent generations. It is a combination of Bharat Ratnas, Nobel Laureates, winners of Padma awards, popular sports stars, iconic statesmen, artistes, authors, media, etc. Wish you all a Happy Independence Day!
Independence Day is right around the corner. As India celebrates its 72nd Independence Day on August 15, 2018 it seems as good a time as any to take the proverbial walk down memory lane and look back at some of the oldest restaurants, bars, bakeries, and cafes in India.
Before this great city was called Chennai, the city of Madras was a hustling and bustling port metropolis of the British Raj. On this I-Day 2019, here’s a walk down memory lane to capture the life that was Madras city, and why it came to known as the health capital of India.
A shoe box full of photographs capturing life in British-ruled India was discovered in the archives of Scotland’s national collections in October 2012. The glass-plate photos were found inside a size-nine shoe box by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The negatives are believed to be dated back to 1912 were found in a fragile condition. These black and white images capture the how life was in India during the Raj era about 100 years back. The collection has photos ranging from religious ceremonies to images King George V’s visit to India to a series of photographs depicting the lifestyle of the common. On the eve of India’s Republic Day 2019, we bring back for you some rare pictures that portray life during the British Raj:
Before this great city was called Mumbai, the city that never sleeps, Bombay, was a hustling and bustling port metropolis of the British Raj. On this I-Day 2019, here’s a walk down memory lane to capture the life that was Bombay city, and why it came to known as the city that never sleeps.
From health to education, and from performing arts to technology, India’s contribution to the world has been immense. The world has many reasons to thank India for. Here’s reminding ourselves of the diverse factors for which we should be proud of our nation: Don’t miss: Independence Day Special 2017
Viceroy Lord Curzon in 1902 had said, “As long as we rule India we are the greatest power in the world. If we lose it we shall drop straight way to a third-rate power.” As the clock chimed the last stroke of midnight in the intervening night of August 14-15, 1947, a momentous event happened that changed the world, as it was – the birth of two nations – India and Pakistan. This also meant that Britain lost the jewel in its crown and its largest colony, leading to the further decline of the British empire. The independence of India, which the country gained by following a largely non-violent struggle, was seen as an inspiration for many other countries which used the principles of Mahatma Gandhi to fight against oppressors. However, along with the glory of independence came the bloody aftermath of the partition, that saw much communal riots. The world celebrated the Independence of India by reporting about it, amidst concerns of the bloodshed that ensued. We take a look at what Indian and global media wrote on August 15, 1947.
As we begin our I-Day special series, here's a quiz about some noted and little-known films based around the freedom movement. Let's find out how well you remember them.
Our ancient roots dating back to hundreds of centuries is not something we ponder over too frequently. But if at all we do, the sheer richness and diversity of our history is bound to leave us spellbound. With primitive tools and calculation methods in a time when modern day building materials and technology was unimaginable, our forefathers built temples and cities that have survived till date. Such ancient structures, which once formed the nerve-centre of trade, education, religion or culture, bowl us over with their engineering ingenuity, sculpture and designs even in this modern era of science and technology. We list some such oldest architectural marvels we can proudly look back to and call our own in this I-day special.
Over the past two years, I’ve written and talked about the war, the Indian Army, peace and the politics of it all. In fact, after studying about insurgencies and war stories while I was doing my Master’s in Journalism, I had almost made up my mind to be a war correspondent.
The glorious history of India’s struggle for independence has mentions of women who were exceptional in bravery and had the kind of intelligence without which this movement wouldn’t have been successful. Even after all these years, they remain to be an immense source of inspiration. Here are 10 such brave warriors of freedom who came from all walks of life, all segments of society, but worked towards that great one aim – freedom.
Several questions often go unanswered about the origin and significance of India’s National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’. As citizens we leave no stone unturned to ensure that every time it is sung or played at a public gathering, we show due respect and feel intrinsically proud of the rich heritage of India. However, these are several factual details about the National Anthem which are not well-known. Take a closer look. Source: Wikipedia, theculturetrip.com
In October 1954, the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad, issued an order granting special rights and privileges to the permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir.
When Dadasaheb Phalke made his first silent feature film, Raja Harishchandra in 1913, little would he have realised that he would be setting the foundations of the world’s largest film industry, which would eventually churn out 1,986 films annually, as of 2017. Since then, through the era of the Silent Movies, and the Talkies, through the Independence struggle and beyond, the Indian film industry has brought out numerous films, many of which have turned out to be huge blockbusters, and has introduced great performers to the world. Pre-independent India gave the Indian film industry many great artists who broke barriers of gender and religion and enthralled cinema goers with their acting prowess.
The word ‘independence’ has evolved since 1947 and it has different connotations for different people. While the freedom struggle ensured a dignified and independent existence for every citizen of the country at a social, cultural and economic level, there is an internal, ongoing struggle at the grassroots level in India that has been overlooked through the decades simply because of the family system, values, emotions and practices. This challenge pertains to an individual’s struggle to recognise and understand the value of money and financial independence from an early age.
As India celebrates another year of freedom and Independence, we go back in time to talk about some interesting events that occurred during the Independence of India and Pakistan, in 1947. – Sources: Various; Images: Pixabay, Instagram and Wikimedia Commons
On the occasion of Independence Day, let us take you on the journey of a few out of the many extraordinary icons, game changers who are making it big on the world stage.
As a nation, we have come a long way since Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru delivered his iconic speech from the Red Fort on August 15, 1947 – the day India was born. While evoking the freedom struggles and sacrifices of our freedom fighters, the speeches, over the years, have focused on a number of issues ranging from poverty and social equality to development and conservation. As India prepares to celebrate the 73rd Independence Day on August 15th, here are some of the most iconic speeches delivered by our Prime Ministers from the ramparts of the Red Fort:
As India celebrates its 73rd Independence Day, we reached out to seven women to ask them what freedoms Indian women are still fighting for today.
The year that was 1947 remains to be one of the most important years in the history of India. But the year holds equal, if not more, significance in the history of Indian cinema also. From the debut of Raj Kapoor and Madhubala, to the first major hit of Dilip Kumar, there are many milestones we crossed that year, with our wonderful movies. Here are 10 movies from 1947, you must watch, whenever you have a couple of spare hours.
World over India is perceived as a nation that is unique in more ways than one. It is also seen as a seat of spirituality. Throughout history, many explorers have visited this land in their quest for knowledge. Modern travellers, too, are keeping that tradition alive and come seeking a piece of these treasures. But some practices in India lend a new meaning to words such as ‘mesmerising’. Here are 10 such enchanting things about India that are truly unique and enthralling: