Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, The Nobel Prize Winner Physicist Honored With Google Doodle On His 107th Birth Anniversary
Today’s Google Doodle is celebrating the 107th birth anniversary of Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist S.Chandrasekhar. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was born in Lahore in British India in a Tamil family on October 19, 1910. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 with William A Fowler “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”. He is largely responsible for some of the best known research and papers that helped astronomers and astrophysicists to understand the evolution of the stars and understand the nature of the universe too. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was a child prodigy and had published his first research paper and developed his star evolution theory by the time he was 20 years of age.
S.Chandrasekhar worked at the University of Chicago and at the young age of 26 he was appointed as a deputy professor at the university. He worked on a variety of physical problems and contributed significantly to the understanding of stellar structure, white dwarfs, stellar dynamics, radioactive transfer, stochastic process and others. At first his theories and equations on the structure and evolution of stars were not taken seriously and met with a lot of skepticism but later on they earned him a lot of acclaim. He performed research for the US Army during World War II and was invited to work on the Manhattan Project that produced the world’s first nuclear bombs but he couldn’t contribute.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar studied at the Presidency College, Madras and at the young age of only 34 he was elected to the Royal Society of London. This was one of the stellar honours that he received. He also received the National Medal of Science, the Draper Medal of the US National Academy of Science, and the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
The Google Doodle illustrates the most notable and most important of all of S.Chandrasekhar’s contribution to Physics. The Google Doodle depicts the Chandrasekhar Limit, the calculation of the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star. The scientific genius had come up with this theory at the age of 19 while he was still studying in India. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar died at the age of 84 because of a sudden heart attack at the University of Chicago hospital on August 21, 1995.