New Delhi, Jul 13 (PTI) The much-awaited Southwest Monsoon finally arrived in Delhi on Tuesday bringing respite from scorching summer temperatures, with weather officials saying the onset has been over two weeks behind the schedule, making it the most delayed in 19 years.
'The Southwest Monsoon has further advanced into remaining parts of the country, including Delhi, remaining parts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Thus, the Southwest Monsoon has covered entire country on July 13, against the normal date of July 8,' the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said in a statement.
The IMD had on June 13 forecast that monsoon will hit nearly two weeks before its normal date of June 15. However, in reality, the monsoon reached Delhi nearly two weeks after its normal date. The monsoon had entered a 'break' phase and there was virtually no progress from June 20 to July 8.
Over the last one month, the weather department struggled to accurately predict when the monsoon will reach the capital and came under sharp criticism when the wind system repetitively gave Delhi a miss despite favourable conditions.
After several wayward forecasts, the IMD on Monday acknowledged that 'such type of failure by numerical models in the prediction of monsoon over the capital is rare and uncommon'. It had earlier said monsoon would hit Delhi on June 15, which would have been 12 days early, but the wind system entered a 'break' phase.
In early June, the MeT office said the conditions will become favourable for the monsoon to advance to Delhi and other parts of northwest India by July 7. Later, it said Delhi will get its first monsoon rains around July 10.
The weather department revised the forecast yet again on Saturday, saying the monsoon may reach the capital in the next 24 hours. But it kept the city waiting on Sunday and there was hardly any rainfall on Monday too.
On Tuesday, when the monsoon finally embraced Delhi, the Safdarjung Observatory, which provides representative figures for the city, recorded 28.1 mm rainfall between 8:30 am and 5:30 pm.
The weather stations at Palam (8.2 mm), Lodi Road (37.8 mm), Ridge (11.4 mm), and Ayanagar (8.6 mm) during the period.
Rainfall recorded below 15 mm is considered light, between 15 and 64.5 mm is moderate, between 64.5 mm and 115.5 mm is heavy, between 115.6 and 204.4 is very heavy. Anything above 204.4 mm is considered extremely heavy rainfall.
The rains, however, eluded Central Delhi, which remains the most rain-deficient district in the country this monsoon, receiving only 8.5 mm rainfall against the normal of 139.3 mm since June 1, when the season starts. It has recorded a shortfall of 94 per cent.
Overall, Delhi has so far received 65 per cent less rainfall than normal, putting it in the category of 'large deficient' states.
Tuesday's rain brought with it waterlogged roads and traffic snarls in parts of the city and the familiar sight of snaking lines of vehicles stuck for interminable minutes.
Many officer-goers reported late for office and several people posted their plight through videos and photographs on social media, some seeking help from police.
There was heavy traffic at Dhaula Kuan with one commuter complaining he was stuck for almost 90 minutes (and counting), Azadpur and at the Delhi Cantonment and Kalindi Kunj flyovers among other places. In 2002, the monsoon had covered Delhi on July 19, according to IMD data. The city had recorded the most-delayed monsoon arrival on July 26 in 1987.
Delhi received its first monsoonal showers on July 7 in 2012 and on July 9 in 2006.
Normally, monsoon reaches the capital by June 27 and covers the entire country by July 8. Last year, the wind system had reached the capital on June 25 and covered the entire country by June 29.
This year, the monsoon covered its last outposts --- Jaisalmer and Ganganagar in Rajasthan on July 12. Usually, monsoon covers these two districts on July 8, nearly nine days after it hits Delhi.
Mahesh Palawat of Skymet Weather, a private forecasting agency, said the monsoon made a 'weak onset' over Delhi and only patchy rainfall is predicted in the city over the next three days.
He said the monsoon trough, which ran along the foothills of the Himalayas, has now shifted over the central parts of India due to low-pressure systems over the Bay of Bengal and Gujarat.
'After the low-pressure systems dissipate in two to three days, the monsoon trough will again shift towards north, increasing rainfall in the region,' he said. PTI GVS/PR KJ