With The Sale Of Dighi Port To Adani, Is India On The Verge Of Radical Capitalism?

Kushan Niyogi
·5-min read

In the wake of the sale of Dighi Port to the subsidiary of Adani’s conglomerate, Adani Ports, it is a glaring take away that even certain State Government’s are willing to sing according to the Centre’s tunes. Granting absolute control over Public Sector Undertakings (PSU’s) to private conglomerates has been one of the major takeaways in all the Budget sessions held in the Lok Sabha for the past four years.

Narendra Modi declared that his government aims at selling the government’s stakes in 46 ‘ailing’ PSU’s, after having already sold stakes in a few public sector companies. The call for arms against these apparently ‘ailing’ PSU’s comes at a time when the Modi regime has been dubbed for being the poster boy of certain conglomerates.

Even The Seas Are To Be Consumed By Privatization

Today marked the day when privatization won against the strife of public sector companies’ bout for survival. With the Maharashtra Government beckoning the calls and tunes of the Adani Group, after having bad-mouthed them to the ends of the world, they sealed the deal for the sale of the Dighi Port at a whopping amount of 10,000 crore INR. Adani Ports, the maritime subsidiary of the Adani Group, having acquired its 12th port in India, has finally formed its own crossroads into the state of the financial capital of India, Maharashtra.

Adani Ports’ value rose by 5% upon the acquisition of Dighi Port
Adani Ports’ value rose by 5% upon the acquisition of Dighi Port

Adani Ports has other holdings in Goa, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Odisha, which in essence, compounds to them having control over most major seafaring sectors in India. What does shock me the most is not the Maharashtra Government succumbing to the Adani Group, rather, it is the sudden change in tact of the Shiv Sena. In 2020, they had gone on record to condemn the rapid privatization of ports and had joined forces with the port unions, alongside its ally NCP (Nationalist Congress Party) to protect the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) from privatization.

Protests against the privatization of the JNPT of the Central Government
Protests against the privatization of the JNPT of the Central Government

The acquisition of Dighi Port comes at such an era in India’s history wherein the Central Government is striving towards editing and rewriting the entirety of Indian history. With the Shiv Sena joining the hands of the Modi regime to fuel their capitalist agenda, one can only wonder why such privatization was necessary. Dighi Port was one of the many ports in India, which was laden with debt, mostly owing to the pandemic. The inability of the State Government to withstand its hold over its sole holdings puts to mind the question concerning the financial ineptitude of numerous other such governments, if push comes to shove.

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Disinvesting In ‘Ailing’ PSU’s

The Central Government’s call for the sale of public sector undertakings began with the announcement of the sale of the government’s stakes in public sector banks (PSB). Banks such as the Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank were merged with the Union Bank Of India while Oriental Bank of Commerce and United Bank were merged with Punjab National Bank.

An artist’s impression of bank mergers
An artist’s impression of bank mergers

This move by the government had brought about massive outroar amongst the citizens of India as during the merger many citizens lost half of their funds and sometimes the entirety of it due to faulty mergers. The Central Government thus took to privatisation.

“The idea is to have 4-5 government-owned banks,” a senior government official had stated. The Central Government has hence planned to sell its stakes in banks such as Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Indian Overseas Bank, UCO Bank, Bank of Maharashtra and Punjab & Sind Bank. This, however, brings about the question of how far is the government willing to go to effectively privatize the entire bank system in India, as according to the Banking Companies (Acquisition And Transfer Of Undertakings) Act, the Central Government must hold at least 51% stakes in private sector banks at all times.

This episode with the banks brings us to question the Central Government’s call to disinvest in ‘ailing’ public sector companies. It has been recorded that most PSU’s that were up for sale are profit-making, contrary to the number of loss-making companies, or ‘ailing’ companies.

This move to decentralize the State and sell its undertakings to the highest bidder has been deeply condemned among the majority public and has given rise to the debate concerning Modi’s affections for a certain sector of conglomerate leaders.

Sukumar Damle, the leader of the AITUC, an ally of CPI
Sukumar Damle, the leader of the AITUC, an ally of CPI

The leader of AITUC, Sukumar Damle, stated:

“The truth is that the number of loss-making public-sector companies are lesser than those that are making a profit. This whole drive of privatisation is to create a monopoly for certain business groups.”

This statement whether based on pure conjecture or established facts is mostly up for how one perceives it. PSU’s such as Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), Shipping Corporation of India (SCI) and Container Corporation of India (CONCOR) are a few of the profit making PSU’s whose stakes had been put up for sale.

The protected few- (Clockwise from top L) Gautam Adani, Sajjan Jindal, Ravi Ruia and Anil Ambani.
The protected few- (Clockwise from top L) Gautam Adani, Sajjan Jindal, Ravi Ruia and Anil Ambani.

No matter the resolution of this debate, it is no far fetched statement to conclude that India is on the verge of rapid and radical capitalism and nobody is ready for it.

Image Sources: Google, Reuters

Sources: Business Standard, IIFL Securities, National Herald, The Hindu, Financial Express, Times of India

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This post is tagged under: Ambanis, Adani, Lakshmi Mittal, adani ports, dighi port, why was dighi port sold, adani ports acquires dighi port, selling psu, modi government disinvesting, maharashtra government,shiv sena, jnpt,jawaharlal nehru port trust, public sector undertakings, public sector bank merger, public sector banks, capitalist india, #india #modi #forbes #economy #power, why indian government increase petrol price, indian conglomerate hegemony

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