The Centre strongly defended before the Supreme Court on Friday, 10 May, its deal to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets from France, saying they were not for "ornamentation" but essential for national security.
A bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi reserved verdict on the pleas, including the one filed by former Union ministers Yashwant Sinha, Arun Shourie and activist lawyer Prashant Bhushan, seeking review of its 14 December judgement which gave clean chit to the deal.
Attorney General KK Venugopal, appearing for the Centre, referred to the fact that Air Force in 2001-02 had raised the issue of acquiring 156 combat aircraft.
“The period from 2007 to 2015 was a great setback as combat aircraft are very essential for the country,” the top law officer said, adding that “this is not for the purpose of the ornamentation. This is very essential for security”.
Dealing with the scope of judicial review in cases relating to defence procurement, he said, "No court in the world will go into what is to be purchased in a defence deal".
Vehemently opposing the submissions of lawyer Prashant Bhushan, he sought dismissal of the review petitions saying that the basic grounds of these pleas were the same as in the main case.
"The Supreme Court has already decided the challenge to the Rafale deal. I would still say that the petitioners are seeking review of the judgment on the basis of secret stolen documents," he said.
He then referred to a clause 10 of the IGA between France and India and said that it mandated maintaining the secrecy of the deal.
"So far as the price is concerned, it is covered in Article 10 of the inter-government agreement (IGA). Pricing under Article 10 was not supposed to be discussed in public domain", he said.
The Centre, however, shared the pricing details and the defence acquisition procedures with the court, he said.
He also referred to the CAG report and said that it has been found that the government got the jets at 2.86 percent lower price.
The government is under obligation to put defence material under cover, he said, adding, "When the security of the country is involved, you do not view it as a contract to build a highway or a dam".
‘Waiver of Sovereign Guarantee Not an Unprecedented Practice’
On the issue of registration of the FIR as mandated by the apex court judgement in the Lalita Kumari case, the law officer said, "There has to be a prima facie case, otherwise they (agencies) cannot proceed. The information must disclose commission of cognizable offence."
On the court's question of waiver of sovereign guarantee in IGA and its replacement with a letter of comfort, Venugopal said it was not an "unprecedented practice" and referred to such agreements with Russia and US where there was waiver of sovereign guarantee.
"It is a question of national security. No other court in the world will examine a defence deal on these kinds of arguments", he said.
He said that the word ‘fraud’ is being bandied about and the entire docs in the Rafale case was never asked for by court.
A mistake in interpretation cannot be the basis of review of an entire judgment. The government is under obligation to put defence material under cover, he said.
The bench asked the Centre as to why there was no condition in the IGA that the jets would be made at HAL as mentioned in the earlier deal.
Venugopal said that it could not materialised on grounds like more man power required by HAL in producing those jets here.
"The lives of the pilots were at risk. The 126 MMRCA process was not working...so a conscious decision was taken by the head of the government to go ahead with the procurement of the 36 Rafale jets," he said.
‘3 Dissenting INT Members Later Agreed’
On the issue of dissent note by the three members of the Indian Negotiating team on the issue of pricing and alleged parallel negotiation by the PMO, he said later the three dissenting INT members agreed.
The concerns raised by the three members were referred to Defence Acquisition Committee and said that these issues cannot be decided by the court.
Lawyer Prashant Bhushan submitted that the judgement did not deal with the prayer seeking probe into the deal and decided the petition on the premise that it was seeking cancellation of IGA.
He said that Centre misled the court by referring to non-existent CAG report in November, 2018 hearing when it is on record that the report came later in February this year.
"How did the government anticipate even before the CAG report came that the pricing details of Rafale will be redacted. In a report submitted in November 2018, how did they know that the CAG report in February next year would redact pricing details," the lawyer asked.
The government alleged that the petitioners are seeking more documents to start a "fishing and roving enquiry", he said adding that these papers are, in fact, in public domain.
Shourie also advanced arguments on his plea seeking perjury prosecution of some government officials for misleading the court during earlier hearing.
"Our intention is that the documents be seen by the court," he said.
"There is something called the Arms Trade Treaty of which France is a signatory and India is not because we found the treaty discriminatory. The treaty gives immunity to signatories, but a sovereign guarantee overrides this treaty and would protect India's interests," he said.
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