31 Mar 2021: Piyush Goyal asks Punjab CM to implement e-payment of MSP
Union Food Minister Piyush Goyal has reportedly asked Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh to implement the Centre's order regarding e-payment of the Minimum Support Price (MSP) into the accounts of farmers from the upcoming rabi marketing season.
The Centre has informed Punjab that it would not get any further exemption in the matter, noting that a majority of states are complying with the guidelines.
Letter: Centre has been requesting Punjab to streamline procurement, payment procedure
In a letter to Singh, accessed by The Tribune, Goyal wrote, "In the interest of farmers, GOI has been requesting the state government of Punjab to streamline their procurement and payment procedure in line with GOI guidelines of direct online payment to farmers and compliance of Public Finance Management System (PFMS), since 2018."
The letter is dated March 27, 2021.
Fact: Punjab has repeatedly sought extension on timelines: Centre
The letter stated that the state government has not implemented these provisions and has "time and again" sought an extension on these timelines. It further said that all major procuring states have already implemented these guidelines.
Letter: Centre urges Punjab to follow Haryana's digital procedure
On Punjab's concern that title issues may arise where land had been given on lease for tilling by absentee landlords, Goyal said in the letter that Punjab should follow the digital model developed by Haryana.
In Haryana, details of tenant/share-cropper can be uploaded on a portal with the disclaimer that this would not be a legal document for claiming ownership through tenancy, it said.
Context: Punjab sole among procuring states violating central mandates
Among 12 procuring states, Punjab is the only one not making direct digital payment to farmers, as mandated by the Finance Ministry's Public Finance Management System (PFMS) order issued on May 28, 2018.
The state continues to pay farmers through arhtiyas (commission agents) under the Punjab Agriculture Produce Marketing Rules-1962. The rules mandate MSP payments through commission agents.
Other details: Centre expresses reluctance to grant Punjab further waivers
An internal government note showed that the Food Ministry is against granting further waivers to Punjab, The Tribune reported.
"In the event of non-implementation, the Centre would not be obliged to reimburse the cost of procurement and other incidentals," it said.
In 2020, the Centre allegedly detected a deduction of Rs. 12/quintal by arthiyas from MSP payment at the cost of farmers, it added.
Fact: Why is Punjab's compliance important?
Government sources told the publication that Punjab is the top contributor to the central wheat and paddy procurement pool. Hence, its compliance with online payment norms is more important. Wheat procurement in Punjab is set to begin on April 10.
Recent news: Earlier this month, Centre had pushed for Punjab's compliance
Earlier on March 4, the Food Ministry had asked Punjab to "implement online payment directly into farmer's account and compliance of PFMS" from the upcoming rabi marketing season.
The move will allow end-to-end tracking of funds, improved program administration and management, reduction of float in the system, direct payment to beneficiaries, and greater transparency and accountability, it said.
Punjab's stand: We will go by Punjab's APMC Act: State Food Minister
Opposing the Centre's scheme, Punjab Food Minister Bharat Bhushan Ashu told The Indian Express, "Our Chief Minister has made his stand very clear. We will go by what our state's APMC Act says."
Further, Ashu said Goyal is unwilling to meet him to discuss the matter.
The CM has also sought meetings with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, albeit to no avail, Ashu added.