Members of Parliament other than ministers are called private members and bills presented by them are known as private member's bills.
Only 14 private members bill have been passed by both Houses, No private member's bill has become law since 1970. But they are often the most interesting and ahead of their time bills that may not enjoy parliamentary support but have always been significant.
The latest being Rajeev Chandrasekhars' Bill to demand Pakistan be announced a terror state. The 3 most significant Private Members Bill presented today that are too watch out for are listed by India Today.
BJP leader Bhupinder Yadavs bill demanding that Lok Sabha and Assembly elections be held together. Notably this is something that was first time floated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself. The bill demands:
- Election Commission to make a single roll for the entire country that will help weed out duplicate names.
- It proposes amend Election Rules to pave way to hold General and Assembly elections together that will give the respective state governments and the center 5 full years devoted only on governance.
- Very interestingly it proposes e-voting which will mean voting from anywhere.
- It asks for the voting rights of NRI as well.
Congress leader PL Punias' bill seeking new law or to amend SC/ST Act to curb atrocities on them. He has been the former chairman of SC/ST commission whose many rulings put the Government in a spot. What makes this bill extremely interesting and significant is the timing. It's coming in the backdrop of incidents like Una flogging in Gujarat that made national headlines. The Bill proposes:
- Either to bring a new law or amend the existing SC/ST Act to curb atrocities on them as in Una.
- It also proposes exemplary actions against Universities that actively or tacitly force a student to commit suicide. We haven't forgotten Rohith Vemula case from Hyderabad University where he committed suicide allegedly due to discrimination. More recently a PhD scholar from JNU in Delhi similarly committed suicide. The bill demands justice for these students.
- The bill states how discrimination is 'rampant' in AIIMS.
Vishambhar Prasad Nishads' Farmers' plight in Bundelkhand Bill. This bill focuses on Crop failure due to drought. This is significant because last year this area was once one of the most affected due to drought. The bill demands:
- Guaranteed employment for all above 18 living in Bundelkhand
- Loan waver for farmers from this region. Many farmers in this belt committed
- Rs 500 crores to financially help people here
- Building of Yamuna Canal