Nepal political crisis: Chinese delegation meets top NCP leaders Prachanda, Madhav Nepal

Shirish B Pradhan
·5-min read

Kathmandu, Dec 28 (PTI) A high-level Chinese delegation led by a vice minister of the Communist Party of China met top Nepal Communist Party leaders on Monday and discussed the political situation in the country, amid an intensified effort by Beijing to patch up differences between Nepal’s feuding leaders.

Vice Minister of the International Department of the CPC Guo Yezhou, who arrived here on Sunday in what is believed to be China’s desperate attempt to avert a vertical split in the NCP, on Monday met Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda', who claims control over the ruling party after removing Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli from the posts of the party’s parliamentary leader and chair.

Contemporary politics, especially that has arisen after Oli’s move to dissolve the House of Representatives, the possibility of bringing the two factions of the NCP together and Nepal-China cooperation figured during the talks, The Kathmandu Post reported, quoting Prachanda’s secretariat.

Later, the Chinese delegation met former prime minister Madhav Kumar Nepal, who has replaced Oli as chairman of the Prachanda-led faction.

Monday’s meetings came a day after the four-member team led by Guo held separate talks with President Bidya Devi Bhandari and Prime Minister Oli to patch up differences.

Prime Minister Oli, after his meeting with Guo at his official residence in Baluwatar, said Nepal and China have promoted and strengthened the bilateral relations to a new height in recent years.

“China has been supporting Nepal as a close neighbour and a friend of Nepal,” Oli said.

China has been providing support and assistance in each and every sector of Nepal and it would be continued in the coming days as well, Oli's Foreign Affairs Advisor Rajan Bhattarai said.

“Nepal and China as well as the two Communist parties have been enjoying excellent bilateral relations for a long time,” he said.

Guo conveyed President Xi Jinping’s New Year Greetings to Oli.

The Chinese side expressed happiness over the deepening and widening of ties between the two countries and the two parties based on mutual interest and respect, the sources said.

Guo, who personally knows all senior NCP leaders, will also meet the main Opposition party Nepali Congress (NC) president Sher Bahadur Deuba and Janata Samajbadi chair Upendra Yadav.

Meanwhile, the NC held a mass protest rally in the capital demanding the reinstatement of the House. The demonstration is a part of its nationwide protests in all 165 electoral constituencies against the dissolution of the House.

A march led by NC leader Prakashman Singh started from Bijuli Bazaar and converged into a mass assembly after reaching New Baneshwor Chowk. The agitating NC leaders and cadres demanded immediate reinstatement of the dissolved Parliament. Thousands of party cadres and sympathisers took part in the protest rally.

Nepal plunged into a political crisis last Sunday after Prime Minister Oli, known for his pro-Beijing leanings, in a surprise move, recommended dissolving the 275-member House, amidst a tussle for power with Prachanda.

Acting on the prime minister's recommendation, President Bhandari dissolved the House the same day and announced fresh elections on April 30 and May 10, sparking protests from a large section of the NCP led by Prachanda, also a co-chair of the ruling party.

A wary China rushed Vice Minister Guo to Kathmandu after its high-profile Ambassador to Nepal Hou Yanqi failed to sort out differences between Oli and Prachanda.

China is not happy with the split in the largest communist party of Nepal, according to sources.

Guo is trying to patch up differences between the two warring factions of the ruling party - one led by Oli and the other led by Prachanda - during his four day stay in Nepal, the media reports said.

Earlier, Gou travelled to Kathmandu in February 2018 when Oli-led CPN-UML and Prachanda-led NCP (Maoist Centre) - were all set to merge and form a unified communist party following victory of their alliance in the 2017 general elections. Later in May, 2018, the two communist parties merged and formed a new party named NCP.

Guo, after assessing the situation of the ruling party and encouraging both factions of the NCP to seek some kind of common ground for party unity, will communicate the message of the Chinese leadership, including that of President Xi Jinping, to the NCP leadership, a ruling party leader said.

This is not the first time that China has intervened in Nepal's internal affairs.

In May and July, Hou held separate meetings with the president, the prime minister and other senior NCP leaders, including Prachanda, when Oli was facing mounting pressure to step down.

A number of political party leaders had termed the Chinese envoy’s series of meetings with the ruling party leaders as interference in Nepal’s internal political affairs.

China's political profile in Nepal has been on the rise in recent years with billions of dollars of investments under its multi-billion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative, including the Trans-Himalayan Multi-Dimensional Connectivity Network.

Besides the investments, China's ambassador to Nepal Hou has made open efforts to garner support for Oli.

The CPC and NCP were regularly engaged in training programmes. In September last year, the NCP had even organised a symposium, inviting some CPC leaders to Kathmandu to impart training to Nepali leaders on the Xi Jinping thought ahead of the visit of the Chinese president, his first to Nepal, according to a Kathmandu Post report. PTI SBP CPS ZH CPS