Historical events on May 23rd in history. On May 23rd, 1785 Benjamin Franklin announced his invention of the bifocal eyeglass-forever enabling librarians and old folks to see both close-up and far away. Franklin came up with the idea because he was "getting old" and had trouble seeing both up-close and at a distanceIn the year 1951, Chinese and Tibetan representatives signed Seventeen Point Agreement for liberating Tibet from China peacefully. The 17-Point Agreement recognized Tibet as a separate and distinct polity within the borders of the People's Republic of China. On May 23 in 1984, Bachendri Pal became the first Indian woman and fifth in the world to reach the summit of Mount Everest. Sun renamed the Oak language to Java and formally launched it on this day. Although Java 1.0a became available for download in 1994, but the first public release of Java announced by Gage at the SunWorld conference a year later.