Looks can kill: How cosmetic surgeries are proving fatal for some

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Looks can kill: How cosmetic surgeries are proving fatal for some

An increasing number of men and women are taking to cosmetic surgery to enhance their features and get 'the killer look'. 

After Sridevi's death in February this year, social media was flooded with speculations that the actor's sudden death was caused by alleged cosmetic surgeries she had gone through.

While autopsy reports cleared the air, it is no secret that many from the world of showbiz go under the knife or take Botox injections in order to enhance their beauty and to retain their youthful looks.

Following in their footsteps, an increasing number of men and women are taking to cosmetic surgery to enhance their features and get 'the killer look'.

Cosmetic surgery is generally considered to be safe, but at times, even such 'simple' procedures can turn deadly.

As the global cosmetic surgery industry sees a boom, a number of private clinics offering cosmetic surgeries and beauty quick-fixes are mushrooming in the country. And that is cause for concern.

What rings loud alarm bells is the fact that recently at least three people have reportedly died in the country due to life-threatening complications during cosmetic surgery procedures.

The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) has seen two such cases of cosmetic surgeries gone horribly wrong, where the procedures of liposuction and breast implant proved fatal to two young people.

Cosmetic surgery is generally considered to be safe, but such 'simple' procedures can at times turn deadly.

GUIDELINES REQUIRED TO REGULATE THE INDUSTRY

The third case, as stated by the Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL), a female died as a result of a hair transplant procedure at a beauty salon.

Dr Uma Shankar Nagaraju, honorary secretary general at IADVL, told Mail Today, "We have already requested the Union government to form guidelines to regulate the cosmetic surgery industry. In India, it does over thousands of crores business per year and Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore are major hubs for cosmetic enhancements. As of now, there is not a single authority to regulate them. A case has been reported in Bangalore where a female died due to complications during hair transplant at a beauty salon."

Some complications arising from procedures such as liposuction and/or fat grafting include pancreatitis, severe burns, sickle cell anaemia, diabetes mellitus, etc.

AIIMS AUTOPSY FINDINGS

The forensic team at AIIMS came across two such autopsy cases where the cause of death for a male patient was determined to be fat embolism during the procedure of liposuction.

In the second case, a female, who had undergone breast implant surgery, reportedly died due to complications during anaesthesia.

Dr Sudhir Gupta, head of forensic medicine department at AIIMS, told Mail Today, "We conducted post-mortems of two young individuals who died due to complications in cosmetic surgery procedures. In the first case, a 34-year-old man suffered an intraoperative death due to fat embolism during liposuction (February 2018). His autopsy revealed luminal blockade of all coronary vessels. There was widespread haemorrhage in the subcutaneous fat of the thoracic and abdominal area. The examination of lungs and brain revealed fat embolism in lungs and meningeal vessels."

While explaining the findings of another autopsy, Dr Abhishek Yadav, assistant professor, department of forensic medicine at AIIMS, said, "A 30-year-old female died due to anaesthesia complications after she underwent a breast implant (July 2018)."

"Generally, such highly advanced surgeries are considered to be safe, but surgeons and anaesthesiologists should be aware and prepared for early diagnosis and treatment of major complications," Dr Yadav added.