Kulbhushan Jadhav sentenced to death: India alleges ‘premeditated murder’, Amnesty International says ‘travesty of justice’ – 10 Facts

Uddipta Das
India claimed the trial was conducted without observing basic norms of law and justice.

New Delhi, April 10: Ex-Indian Navy officer Kulbhushan Jadhav who was captured by Pakistani army in March 2016 was awarded death penalty by a military court on Monday. Jadhav who after premature retirement settled in Iran and began his own business there was charges with espionage and being involved in ‘subversive activities’. Pakistan also alleged that Jadhav was indeed an agent for India’s Research and Analytical Wing (RAW). While India acknowledged that Kulbhushan Jadhav was an ex-naval officer, but denied the charges of Jadhav being a spy for RAW. Following the death sentence, Indian authorities are claiming this case to be one of ‘pre-meditated murder’ by Pakistan while Amnesty International condemned the death sentence and cried for justice.

In March 2016, Jadhav was allegedly ‘picked up’ from Saravan, an area near the Pakistan-Iran border. But this piece of information was preceded by another information by Pakistani officials. Initially, Pakistan claimed that they had nabbed Kulbhushan Jadhav from Chaman area, which is near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. but it was only later that the authorities said that he was indeed ‘picked up’ from Saravan and not Chaman. This was pointed out by Indian authorities at the initial stage, but was not responded by Pakistan. This is one of the loopholes listed by India Today in a report.

However, with the sentencing of Jadhav to death, while Pakistan might try to establish that India is involved in sponsoring incidents of terror in Pakistan, but the fact is Pakistan has not been able to show any factual evidence of Jadhav’s involvement in any act of terror. Although there is a ‘confession’ which allegedly Jadhav gave and has been taken as an evidence by the Pakistan authorities, but apart from that Pakistan has not yet given any other proof which might implicate Jadhav in terror case.

Here are 10 key updates on the issue of Kulbhushan Jadhav being sentenced to death.

  1. United Kingdom based Amnesty International condemned the death sentence of Kulbhushan Jadhav awarded by the Pakistan military court on Monday. The humanitarian NGO said, Pakistan’s military court system has once again showed how it “rides roughshod over international standards”.
  2. India responded with a strong answer and said that if Pakistan goes ahead with Jadhav’s death sentence, it will indeed be a premeditated murder. The reason shown by the Indian side is that the trial was conducted without observing basic norms of law and justice.
  3. Foreign secretary S Jaishankar also summoned Pakistan high commissioner to India Abdul Basit and gave a strongly-worded demarche, which said the proceedings that have led to the death sentence against Jadhav were “farcical” as there were no “credible evidence” against him.
  4. On the other hand, Pakistani political experts seem to have come in full support of the decision by the military court. Pakistan’s Federal Minister of Defense, Khowaja Asif said that the confession of Kulbhushan Yadav is a public document and it proves Indian government is sponsoring Kulbhushan. He is also of the opinion that Jadhav’s death penalty set an example that Pakistan does not give any concession to the ones who wages war in the state and will be dealt with an iron hand.
  5. In a similar note, Pakistani anchor Hamid Mir said that Pakistan never objected over the sentence of a non-state actor Ajmal Qasab for his ‘alleged’ involvement in the Mumbai attacks.in a similar way, and India principally should not interfere in Pakistan’s decision on state-sponsored espionage.
  6. Another Pakistani General (Retd.) Talat Masood said that Pakistan now should be ready for a strong reaction from India on international forums.He also added that there will be diplomatic aspects to this case and Pakistan should be ready for it.
  7. Apart from the loophole in the statement announcing the place of arresting Kulbhushan Jadhav, the Indian authorities also questioned the passport which was presented by Pakistan. In the passport, Kulbhushan Jadhav has been shown to have taken the identity of a Mumbai resident by the name of Hussain Mubarak Patel. Indian experts have said that no trained agent will ever keep such an address in a supposedly fake passport which could link him/her to their native place.
  8. As per reports, Jadhav joined the National Defence Academy (NDA) in 1987 and later in 1991 was commissioned in the engineering branch of the Indian Navy.
  9. Reports also claim that he is a resident of Maharashtra and was born on April 16, 1970.
  10. After premature retirement, he started his own business and settled in Iran after 14 years of service in the Indian Navy. On Monday he was tried through the Field General Court Martial (FGCM) under Pakistan Army Act (PAA).