A military court in Pakistan has sentenced Kulbhushan Jadhav, a former Indian naval officer, to death.
Kulbhushan Jadhav was arrested last year in Balochistan and was accused by Pakistan of being a Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) agent, a charge denied by the Indian government.
"RAW agent Commander Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav was tried by FGCM under Section 59 of Pakistan Army Act (PAA) 1952 and Section 3 of official Secret Act of 1923. FGCM found Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav guilty of all the charges," said the statement issued by Pakistan's Inter-Services Public Relations (IPSR).
We take a look at five 'spies', some forgotten and some not-so forgotten, and trace their journey.
Ravindra Kaushik, a Rajasthan resident, reportedly joined RAW in 1975. When he reached Pakistan, he took on the name of Nabi Ahmed, learnt Urdu, got married and joined the Pakistan Army. According to a Telegraph report, his cover was blown up in 1983 and he was sentenced to death in 1985 over charges of spying. His death sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment. He died in Pakistan in 2001 reportedly due to pulmonary tuberculosis and a heart ailment.
Surjeet Singh was held in Pakistan on charges of spying in 1980s. Nearly 30 years later, he returned to his home in Punjab in June 2012. He admitted that he was sent to Pakistan to spy for India. "I was a RAW agent," he told reporters then. His release was confused with release of Sarabjit Singh. "I met him recently though I couldn't meet him today before leaving," Surjeet had told reporters. Surjeet died of a cardiac arrest in November 2015.
Surjeet Singh (middle) after his release.
Ram Raj worked for an intelligence agency for 18 years, accompanying spies as a guide, said a report in Catch News. Ram Raj was sent to Pakistan as a spy in September 2004 but was caught the next day. After two years in captivity, he was sentenced to prison for six years.
Gurbaksh Ram spent 18 years in Kot Lakhpar jail on charges of spying. He claimed that he was trained by Indian intelligence agency and was arrested by Pakistan's security agencies in 1988. He along with 18 other Indian prisoners were released from jail in 2006. Following his release, he had demanded a government job.
Sarabjit Singh was arrested by Pakistan's Military Intelligence Battalion in Kasur district in August 1990. He was accused of spying and planting explosives in Lahore and Faisalabad on August 30,1990, which killed 10 people and injured 66. He was sentenced to death by a Pakistani court in October 1991. He was allegedly attacked by fellow inmates at Kot Lakhpat prison in Lahore on April 26, 2013. He succumbed to injuries on May 2, 2013. Sarabjit's family always maintained that he had inadvertently crossed into Pakistan.
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