Jammu & Kashmir under Governor's rule for eighth time
After BJP broke its alliance with PDP and chief minister Mehbooba Mufti resigned, President Ram Nath Kovind has imposed the Governor's Rule in the state. This is the eighth time the state has been put under the Governor's Rule.
Though, in normal cases, under such a situation, the President's Rule is imposed in the state under Article 356 of the Indian Constitution, the separate constitution of J&K gives it an additional layer.
The Article 92 of the state's constitution imposes the Governor's Rule in the state in case a government is collapsed which is for six months. The state assembly remains in suspended animation and MLAs remain in office for the period if the Governor has not dissolved the assembly.
After six months, the state comes under the President's Rule under Article 356.
GOVERNOR'S RULE IN THE STATE IN PAST
MARCH 1977 TO JULY 1977
National Conference founder Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah was made chief minister of the state following after 1975 Indira-Sheikh. The government fell when Congress withdrew support and Governor's Rule was imposed. Abdullah won the power back again in July 1977 elections.
MARCH 1986 - NOVEMBER 1986
Sheikh Abdullah's son-in-law Ghulam Mohammad Shah had split National Conference in 1984 to become the CM of the state. His government was supported by Congress which withdrew support in March 1986, allowing for Governor's Rule in state. The direct central rule ended in November 1986 when Rajiv Gandhi and National Conference's Farooq Abdullah entered in a power-sharing agreement.
JANUARY 1990 - OCTOBER 1996
This was longest run of the central rule in the state. Farooq Abdullah resigned after Jagmohan Malhotra returned as the Governor of the state after eruption of militancy. Though Jagmohan was recalled within six months, the central rule continued for six years and eight months as militancy had greatly affected the state. Fresh assembly polls were held in October 1996 for new government formation.
OCTOBER 2002 - NOVEMBER 2, 2002
The shortest run of the Governor's Rule in the state, for 15 days only. Caretaker CM Farooq Abdullah refused to join the office after his party's defeat. The Rule came to an end with Congress, PDP and 12 independent forming the government.
JULY 2008 - JANUARY 5, 2009
The Governor's Rule was imposed in the state in July 2008 after PDP withdrew the support to the coalition government headed by Congress' Ghulam Nabi Azad. PDP withdrew support after the Amarnath Land row agitation. The 174 days central rule ended on January 5, 2009 when Omar Abdullah took oath as the youngest chief minister of the state.
JANUARY 9, 2015 - MARCH 1, 2015
The state was under the sixth Governor's Rule after the December 2014 assembly polls resulted in a hung assembly. The rule was imposed on January 9, 2015 and continued till March 1, 2015 when Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, heading a BJP-PDP coalition, took over as the CM of the state.
JANUARY 8, 2016 - APRIL 4, 2016
Following the death of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed on January 7, 2016, her daughter Mehbooba Mufti took over some time to finalize the deal her father signed with the BJP. The state was put under the Governor's Rule till April 4, 2016, when Mehbooba took oath as the next CM of the state.