Sur Baher (Palestinian Territories): Israel began demolishing a number of Palestinian homes it considers illegal south of Jerusalem early on Monday, in a move that has drawn international concern with France issuing a statement against it.
The Palestinians immediately slammed the demolitions in the Sur Baher area which straddles the West Bank and Jerusalem, but Israel defended the move as essential to its security.
Before dawn, hundreds of Israeli police and soldiers sealed off at least four buildings in the area close to the Israeli security barrier which cuts off the occupied West Bank, an AFP journalist said. Reporters were prevented from reaching the buildings while residents and activists were dragged out of the homes.
Earthmovers then began demolishing at least three multi-story buildings, of which two were still under construction, the journalist said. One man yelled "I want to die here", after being forced out.
Ismail Abadiyeh, who lives in one of the buildings under threat with his family, said they would be left homeless. "We will be on the street," he told AFP. Israel says the buildings were built too close to the separation barrier that it built to stop attacks from the West Bank.
Palestinians accuse Israel of using security as a pretext to force them out of the area as part of long-term efforts to expand settlements and roads linking them.
They also point out that most of the buildings are located in areas meant to be under Palestinian Authority civilian control under the agreements between the Palestinian and Israeli governments.
The Palestinian government said the demolitions were a breach of all agreements they signed with Israel. "What is painfully happening here is the biggest and most dangerous demolition operation outside of war operations," Walid Asaf, the Palestinian minister in charge of monitoring Israeli settlements, said in a video from the site. "This operation aims to cut off Jerusalem from Bethlehem (in the southern West Bank)," he added.
Israeli Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan accused the Palestinians of "lies", stressing the demolition was validated by the state's top court after a lengthy process.
"The structures were built illegally next to the security fence and constitute a risk to the lives of the civilians and security forces," Erdan cited the supreme court ruling in a tweet, noting the demolitions were due to be completed within the day.
Israel occupied the West Bank and east Jerusalem in the 1967 Six-Day War. It later annexed east Jerusalem in a move never recognised by the international community.
The Jewish state began construction of the barrier during the bloody second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, in the early 2000s and says it is necessary to protect against attacks. Palestinians see it as an "apartheid wall".
On June 18, residents in Sur Baher received a 30-day notice from Israeli authorities informing them of their intent to demolish the homes. The UN humanitarian affairs agency OCHA, says the ruling affects 10 buildings already built or under construction, including around 70 apartments.
The demolitions would see 17 people displaced and another 350 affected, the United Nations says. The UN has warned ahead of the demolitions that "displacement, particularly for the most vulnerable, is traumatic and has lasting consequences". European Union diplomats recently toured the area.
Residents fear another 100 buildings in the area in a similar situation could be at risk in the near future. It is extremely difficult for Palestinians to receive construction permits from Israeli authorities in areas under their control, and Palestinians and rights activists say a housing shortage has resulted.
Meanwhile, France issued a statement and said the destruction set a "dangerous precedent" and violated international law. "France condemns the demolition by the Israeli army of several buildings in the area of Wadi al Hummus, in the southeast of Jerusalem," the statement from the French foreign ministry said.
"These demolitions have taken place for the first time in an area controlled by the Palestinian authority under the Oslo Accords. They represent a dangerous precedent, which poses a direct threat to the two-state solution," it added.