Irrfan Khan is suffering from neuroendocrine tumor; everything you need to know about this disease

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Irrfan Khan is suffering from neuroendocrine tumor; everything you need to know about this disease

Irrfan Khan has flown out of the country for his treatment.

Ever since actor Irrfan Khan fell sick, and announced it on March 5, 2018, people have wondered what illness he has been suffering from. Now, Irrfan has revealed in a statement that he has neuroendocrine tumors:

Here's all you need to know about neuroendocrine tumor:

Q. What is a tumor?

A. A tumor is formed when healthy cells grow out of control, and form a mass. A tumor can be of two types: benign and cancerous. A benign tumor grows, but doesn't spread to other body parts, while a cancerous tumor is malignant, which grows and spreads rapidly.

Also Read: Cancer is more of a lifestyle disease today: Dr Shyam Aggarwal, oncologist

Q. What is a neuroendocrine tumor?

A. A neuroendocrine tumor grows in the neuroendocrine system, a system that comprises nerve ends and glands. The neuroendocrine system is responsible for the production and release of hormones through bloodstream, in the body.


Q. What are the form of neuroendocrine tumor?

A. There are two types of neuroendocrine tumors: functioning and non-functioning. Functioning neuroendocrine tumor (NETs) produce extra hormones and show stronger symptoms, while non-functioning neuroendocrine tumor don't produce extra hormones.


Q. There are three specific types of neuroendocrine tumours?

A. Pheochromocytoma, it is a rare form of tumor that forms in the chromaffin cells of the adrenal gland, these cells are responsible for releasing adrenaline during stress. Pheochromocytoma increases the production of the hormones, adrenaline and noradrenaline, which increase blood pressure and heart rate. Even though a pheochromocytoma is usually benign, it may still be fatal because the tumor may release large amounts of adrenaline into the bloodstream after an injury.

Merkel cell cancer, is an aggresive and rapidly growing tumor. It starts in hormone-producing cells just beneath the skin and in the hair follicles. It is usually found in the head and neck region.

Neuroendocrine carcinoma can start in a number of places in the body, including the lungs, brain, and gastrointestinal tract. Around 60% of neuroendocrine tumors cannot be described as anything other than neuroendocrine carcinoma, as per www.cancer.net.

Also Read: Before dying of cancer, this 26-year-old shared life advice for all of us

Q. How can neuroendocrine tumors be treated?

A. There is a different treatment for every neuroendocrine tumor, considering that they grow in different organs, and can be cancerous or non-cancerous.

 

Q. What are the common sympton for all neuroendocrine tumors?

A. These are the common symptons:

-Stomach pain

-Changes in bowel habits

-Shortness of breath

-Loss of appetite

-Weight loss