China on Thursday condemned the US military for the "provocative" flight of one of its aircraft over Chinese-claimed Taiwan, saying the move infringed upon China's sovereignty and contravened international law.
China considers democratically ruled Taiwan its own territory and one of its most sensitive diplomatic issues, regularly denouncing the United States for its support of the island.
A US C-40A, a military version of the Boeing 737, entered Taiwan air space with permission, though it did not land at any Taiwan airports, Taiwan's Defence Ministry said on Tuesday.
China's Taiwan Affairs Office said the US aircraft had "harmed our sovereignty, security and development rights, and contravened international law and the basic norms of international relations".
"It was an illegal act and a seriously provocative incident," the office said in a statement carried by state media. "We express strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition."
The US Seventh Fleet said the US Navy aircraft was on a routine logistics flight from the Kadena air base in Japan to Thailand but was re-routed by Taiwan to avoid "an exercise on its east coast."
"The C-40 flew a cleared route provided by Taiwan air traffic controllers that went through their airspace and over the island and was never in the Taiwan Strait," it said in a statement. "There were no interactions or intercepts from any aircraft during the flight."
Taiwan is entirely separately governed from China and controls its own air space.
On the same day as the US aircraft flew over the island, Taiwan's air force had to warn off several Chinese fighter jets which briefly entered Taiwan's air defence identification zone. Taiwan has repeatedly complained about Chinese drills near the island.
The United States has stepped up its military activities near the island too, with semi-regular US Navy voyages through the narrow Taiwan Strait that separates the island from China.
While Washington and Taipei have no formal diplomatic ties, the United States is Taiwan's strongest international supporter and main arms supplier.