New Delhi [India], June 6 (ANI): The Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) has started production of commercial Nano Urea Liquid, its patented smart fertiliser, and dispatched the first consignment to Uttar Pradesh for the use of farmers.
IFFCO has developed the novel fertiliser at its Nano Biotechnology Research Center, Kalol in Gujarat, according to an official release. The product was introduced on May 31 by Dr U.S. Awasthi, MD, IFFCO during 50th annual general body meeting of its RGB members at IFFCO Head Office, New Delhi. Green flag off ceremony was done on Sunday at Kalol, Gujarat. Dilip Shangani, Vice Chairman, IFFCO said that "IFFCO Nano Urea is a product of 21st century and it is the need of hour to keep the environment-soil, air and water safe for future generations while securing food for all".
The process of construction of Nano Urea Plants at IFFCO's units at Kalol (in Gujarat) and Aonla and Phulpur (in Uttar Pradesh) has already been initiated by IFFCO. In Phase-I, the annual production capacity of 14 crore bottles is being installed which would be ramped to additional 18 crore bottles in Phase-II by the year 2023. These 32 crore bottles are expected to potentially replace 1.37 crore MT of Urea by the year 2023.
"Loss of nutrients from fields by way of leaching and gaseous emissions have been contributing to the environmental pollution and climate change. This can be reduced by the application of Nano Urea which has no residual effect. Urea forms 82 per cent of the total nitrogenous fertilisers consumed in India and it has recorded exponential increase in consumption over the years. It is expected that urea consumption will touch 35 million MT during 2020-21," the release stated.
Around 30-50 per cent of Nitrogen from Urea is utilised by plants and the rest gets wasted due to quick chemical transformation as a result of leaching, volatilization and run off, thereby low use efficiency. The excess application of urea contributes to the greenhouse gas in form of nitrous oxide lead to Global Warming.
Nano Urea Liquid is environmental friendly, smart fertilizer with high nutrient use efficiency and a sustainable solution for curtailing pollution and reduction in global warming in the long run as it reduces the emissions of nitrous oxide and doesn't contaminate soil, air and water bodies. Thus, making it a promising alternative to the conventional urea, the release said.
The size of one IFFCO Nano Urea particle is about 30 nanometre (1 nm is one billionth of a meter), and when compared to the conventional urea it has about 10,000 times more surface area to volume size when compared to granular urea." Further, "due to ultra-small size and surface properties of Nano urea, it get absorbed by the plants when sprayed on their leaves". Upon penetration these nanoparticles reach plant parts where nitrogen is required and release nutrients in a controlled manner.
The release further stated that Nano Urea Liquid addresses environmental concerns caused currently by conventional urea such as emission of greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide, ammonia emission, acidification of soil and eutrophication in water bodies. It is required in lesser measure compared to the conventional urea fertiliser to fulfil plant's nitrogen requirement.
All India efficacy trials on over 40 crops by ICAR research institutes, State Agricultural Universities, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, and farmers at more than 11,000 locations have demonstrated that Nano Urea increases crop productivity and can reduce the requirement of conventional Urea by 50 per cent. Further, application of nano urea (liquid) improves yield, biomass, soil health and nutritional quality of the produce.
"Nano Urea has been tested for biosafety and toxicity as per the guidelines of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India and international guidelines developed by OECD which are adopted and accepted globally. Nano Urea liquid is completely safe for human, animals, birds, rhizosphere organisms and environment at the recommended levels of application," the release said.
IFFCO Nano Urea is a giant step towards sustainable agriculture and food systems with a step towards precision and smart farming. This has potential to revolutionize the entire agriculture sector across the world, it added. (ANI)