Ben Stokes, who is returning to New Zealand to be with his family, drops out of the squad of 14 selected for the opener, which England won in thrilling fashion by three wickets.
England will name their XI at the toss as they weigh up the balance of their attack in Stokes’ absence and with bowlers’ workloads requiring management.
Sam Curran and Mark Wood, who have played one Test each this summer, join Robinson in hoping to displace the four incumbents, James Anderson, Stuart Broad, Chris Woakes and Jofra Archer. Those four have all played three Tests so far this summer, with Broad and Woakes playing the last three.
Robinson is 26 and has taken 244 first-class wickets at an average under 22. He took match figures of eight for 65 in his most recent game.
Squad: Joe Root (Yorkshire) Captain, James Anderson (Lancashire), Jofra Archer (Sussex), Dominic Bess (Somerset), Stuart Broad (Nottinghamshire), Rory Burns (Surrey), Jos Buttler (Lancashire), Zak Crawley (Kent), Sam Curran (Surrey), Ollie Pope (Surrey), Ollie Robinson (Sussex), Dom Sibley (Warwickshire), Chris Woakes (Warwickshire), Mark Wood (Durham).