A sharp rise in Delhi's temperature in the month of April has triggered a rise in food and water-borne diseases that were earlier reserved for hotter months of May and June, with many people heading to the hospital emergency wards.
Doctors say that while cases of heatstroke are only a few till now, many people have been diagnosed with high fever, exhaustion and heat syncope, mostly due to intake of road-side food.
On Monday, city's maximum temperature was recorded at 40 degree Celsius and the MeT department has warned of an intense heat wave starting this week. Doctors say they get around 50-60 patients with high fever in OPD daily complaining of summer-related complications.
Dr S P Boytra, head of internal medicine at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, said, "Cases of heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat syncope have started along with gastrointestinal diseases such as typhoid, food poisoning, diarrhea and high fever. Such diseases were mostly seen in May-June, but this year the temperature is already on the higher side and we are getting more cases." He people should avoid roadside food and fruit juices to prevent infections, adding that it is mostly elderly, children and those who suffering from diabetes, heart diseases and other comorbidities who need to be extra careful. Doctors at Safdarjung, RML, BL Kapoor, and Fortis Hospitals confirmed this trend.
In the intense summer, heat can cause cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. In heat exhaustion, patients suffer from rapid sweating when body touches high temperature which can lead to heat stroke, a medical emergency say doctors. Dr R K Singal, Head of Department in Internal Medicine at BLK Super Speciality Hospital said that people who are used to airconditioned offices and homes most of the time should be careful of sudden change in body temperature. Despite the heat, cases of mosquito-borne diseases are also on the rise. Municipal Corporations said that 24 dengue, 79 chikungunya and 13 malaria cases have been reported this year so far, the highest recorded in the corresponding period since 2012.