Chitragupta Puja 2017 Muhurat: Date, Significance, Shloka And Vrata Katha of Kalam-Dawaat Pujan For Kayastha Community
Every year, a day after the festival of lights Diwali, Kayastha’s all over the world celebrate Chitragupta Puja also known as Kalam-Dawaat Puja. This festival falls on the second day of the lunar day of Shukla Paksha in the Vikram Samvat calendar month of Kartik and coincides with Bhai Dooj, Bhau Beej, Bhai Phota or Bhai Teeka. Devotees believe that by doing this puja they will be benefited and get to ascend to heaven as Chitragupta Maharaj keeps a record of all good and evil deeds of humans and by praying to him on this day they get absolution from all the sins. Upon the death of a human being, it is Chitragupta Maharaj who decides on heaven or hell for the person depending on their good work or bad deeds on earth. Since the Hindu Mythology is based on the basis of ‘karma‘ this festival holds a special significance. This year, Chitragupta Puja will be celebrated on October 21, 2017, and we have outlined here are the Vrata Katha, significance, muhurat and shloka for the Kalam-Dawaat puja. The Kayastha community believes that they are the descendants of Chitragupta Maharaj the Bookkeeper of Yamaraj and are descended from the twelve sons of the deity.
The festival is also marked on Hindu calendars as Yama Dwitiya. This festival is celebrated by people of Kayastha caste in India and Nepal as they deem themselves to be the descendants of Chitragupta Maharaj. Chitragupta Maharaj holds a special place in the Hindu pantheon because of the order of his birth. He is depicted holding a quill and a book in his hands and flanked by his twelve sons and his two wives. Shobavathi and Nandini are his two wives whereas he has twelve sons are: Srivastava, Surajdwaj, Valmik, Asthana, Mathur, Gaud, Bhatnagar , Saxena, Ambasht, Nigam, Karna and Kulshreshth. Bhai Dooj 2017: Date, Muhurat, Significance, Story And Bhau Beej Auspicious Timings For Tilak
Mythology of Birth
Lord Brahma gave the land of the dead over to the god Yama, however, he often used to get confused when dead souls used to come to him and he would often send the wrong souls to either heaven or hell. Lord Brahma ordered him to keep better track of everyone to which he replied that it is near impossible for him to keep track of eighty-four hundred thousand different life forms on Earth. Lord Brahma was plagued by this problem and sat meditating to find a solution to this. When he opened his eyes he found a man standing in front of him with a pen and paper. As Chitragupta was born out of Lord Brahma’s body or ‘kaya’ and then made whole in secrecy or ‘gupta’ he was named Chitragupta and his descendants were called Kayasthas. Chitragupta Maharaj is the 17th offspring of Lord Brahma but the only one who is born from his body.
Significance of Chitragupta Puja
Chitragupta Puja is celebrated by Kayasthas around the world that believe in learning, teaching, peace, knowledge, justice and literacy, the virtues depicted by Chitragupta Maharaj. The puja is also referred to as Dawaat (Inkpot) Puja and people worship pens and books symbolizing the importance of studies in the life of a Kayastha and weapons such as swords. The earning members of the family also give an account of their earning and expenditure to Chitragupta Maharaj and ask him for additional money to run the household efficiently next year. Devotees believe that by praying to Chitragupta Maharaja one can get absolution from their sins and they will get to ascend to heavens after their death.
Family and Sons of Chitragupta
Chitragupta Maharaj had two wives, Nandini Iravati and Shobhavati and twelve sons named: Srivastava, Surajdwaj, Valmik, Asthana, Mathur, Gaud, Bhatnagar , Saxena, Ambasht, Nigam, Karna and Kulshreshth. The Kayasthas of today believe themselves to be descendants of these twelve sons.
Chitragupta Vrata Katha
There was a king named Saudas. He was an unjust and a tyrant king and had no good deeds to his name. One day while he was wandering in his kingdom he encountered a Brahmin who was worshipping. His curiosity was aroused and he asked who was he worshipping to. The Brahmin replied that today is the second day of Karthik Shukla Paksha and hence I am worshipping Yamraj (God of Death and Dharma) and Chitragupta (His Bookkeeper), their worship is supposed to provide salvation from hell and nullifies your evil sins. After hearing this, Saudas also followed the rituals and performed the worship.
Later when he died he was taken to Yamraj and his books were examined by Chitragupta and he informed Yamaraj that although the king has been sinful yet he has performed Yama’s and Chitragupta’s puja with full devotion and rituals and hence he cannot be sent to hell, his place is in hell. Thus by performing this puja only for one day, he was absolved of all his sins.
The most important shloka or mantra for Chitragupta Puja is as follows:
Masibhajan sanyuktacharsi twam mahitale. Lekhi katni hasta chitragupta namostute.
Chitragupta namostubhyam lekhashardayakam, kayastha jatimasadaya chitragupta namostute.
Muhurat for Chitragupta Puja
Abhijit Muhurat from 11:48 am to 12:34 pm on 21 October 2017 and Amrit Kaal from 02:49 am to 04:33 am on 22 October 2017.
Vikrama Samvat – 2074
Chitragupta Maharaj is pretty well-known in popular culture as he is depicted in many movies and serials too. Chitragupta Maharaj is mentioned in a number of Puranas and Hindu scriptures. He is first mentioned in Yama Samhita which tells the story of his origin and birth. He is mentioned in Padma Purana, Bhavishya Purana, Garuda Purana and Mahabharata as well. There are numerous temples built across India for the worship of Chitragupta Maharaj.