China Allows Nepal Access to Ports, Ending Dependence on India

China on Friday, 6 September, agreed to allow Nepal to use four of its seaports and three land ports for third-country trade reducing the landlocked country's dependence on India to conduct international commerce.

Nepal will be able to access Shenzen, Lianyungang, Zhanjiang and Tianjin, the latter being the nearest seaport at a distance of around 3,300 kms from the Nepalese border, according to foreign ministry sources.

Similarly, Nepal has been allowed to use Lanzhou, Lhasa and Xigatse land ports (dry ports) as well. This will provide alternative routes for Nepal to carry out international trade.

Chinese authorities will provide permits to trucks and containers ferrying Nepal-bound cargo to and from Xigatse in Tibet, as per the new arrangement.

The deal has paved the way for Nepal, which had been relying on Indian ports as of now, to diversify its access to seaports and alternative routes for third-country trade.

Nepalese traders will be allowed to use any mode of transport – rail or road to access to seaports for third-country trade, said Ravi Shanker Sainju, joint secretary at the ministry of industry, commerce and supplies, who led the Nepalese delegation during talks here at the meeting of Nepalese and Chinese authorities on Wednesday and Thursday for the finalisation of the protocol of Transit and Transport Agreement (TTA) with China.

At the meeting, both sides decided to access Chinese territory from six checkpoints –Rasuwa, Tatopani (Sindhupalchok), Korala (Mustang), Kimathanka (Sankhuwasabha), Yari (Humla) and Olangchung Gola (Taplejung).

Joint secretary Sainju and Director General of Transport Department of China, Wang Suiping, signed the agreement on Friday morning. It has been agreed that the protocol will be exchanged during upcoming high-level visits between the two countries.

The Transit and Transport Agreement with China, signed in March 2016 during Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's China visit, will come into force once the protocol is exchanged, officials said. The Madhesi agitation in 2015 had forced Nepal to explore trade links with China and reduce its long-term dependence on India.

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