Pasma, who won one race in Dubai and sits fifth in the drivers’ standings, lapped the Madras Motor Race Track in 1m30.559s, smashing last year’s pole time by nearly a second.
Belgian racer Michelangelo Amendola emerged as Pasma’s closest challenger, ending up 0.123s behind his Finnish rival in second.
Reigning British F3 champion Linus Lundqvist was a further tenth adrift in third, while Jack Doohan, son of MotoGP legend Mick Doohan, completed the second row of the grid.
Both Lundqvist and Doohan are making their MRF Challenge debuts this weekend, having not competed in the opening two rounds of the season.
Andreas Estner outpaced Chadwick by just 0.006s to qualify fifth, while the latter beat Defourny by another 0.016s to secure the sixth spot on the grid.
Chadwick and Defourny head to the final round of the season as the title favourites, separated by 18 points in Defourny’s favour.
MRF Challenge regular Dylan Young was ranked eight, ahead of karting graduate Glenn van Berlo and Sebastien Estner.
Valdemar Eriksen of Denmark was next up in 11th, while Chetan Korada, the sole Indian on the grid, qualified 12th.
Joshua Mason and Saudi female talent Reema Al Juffali propped up the timesheets in 13th and 14th place respectively.
The final round of the MRF weekend comprises five races, split in two:three ratio across Saturday and Sunday.