As Modi government gears to take punitive actions in light of the recent Sukma Maoist attack, several political analysts are asking the Centre why its policies are failing so miserably?
Subir Bhaumik, senior journalist and an expert on Naxalite extremism, opines "How can demonetisation stop flow of funds to Maoists when all top corporates pay the Maoists hefty amounts to ensure their business is not affected in states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand - they are no patriots, they are only concerned with their business- the trouble with this government is its chest thumping triumphalism, the tendency to claim it is run by super humans."
The dastardly attack on CRPF personnel in Chhattisgarh on April 24, that claimed the lives of 25 soldiers raised concerns more than questions on the Center's approach that was only yielding casualties.
However, an optimistic G K Pillai, former Home secretary said, "I am not too worried about these one or two incidents in last five years nearly 60 percent of the Naxal infected area have been liberated by our forces But at the same time our forces have to be very vigilante."
But Subir Bhaumik, veteran BBC journalist said that these attacks are testimonies that Naxalism is far from waning.
Where is the Centre going wrong in handling red terror? Bhaumik says, "It is depending blindly on strong arm police methods and developmentalism - neither can guarantee success - the Maoists are a political entity and have to be fought politically. This is a battle for hearts and minds and you don't win this war by overkill and rampant torture - the forces need proper leadership and they need to befriend the tribals. Having fought insurgency for 60 years, India still does not have a counter insurgency policy."
He added that Nepal successfully handled the Maoist problem by co-opting the Maoists. Whereas India is trying the Latin Amercan line and it will not work - the government needs to allow people's platform so that tribals can ventilate their grievances and develop faith in Indian democracy.
'KASHMIR A HOT PLATE'
Kashmir has become a hot plate, which no government has been able to handle well, including the incumbent Modi and its coalition partner PDP.
The recent unrest reminds many of the nightmares of 90s, when the Valley witnessed a turbulent time with the uprising of Kashmiri youth. The most worrying factor about today's unrest is students' active participation in the protest. Even school-going girls can be seen hurling stones at security forces. These disturbing development pose a question on the validity of BJP-PDP led Mehbooba government.
But for Strategic Affairs Analyst and Pakistan expert Sushant Sareen it is not a political movement.
"It is not a political movement rather a religious movement in Kashmir which has spread its tentacles wide into the subterranean level".
Lambasting the back channel efforts by likes of 'Yashwant Sinha and Salman Haidar' to talk with the separatists as futile efforts, Sareen, blames the government allowing indoctrinisation and radicalisation of the Kashmiri youth over the years by Islamic fundamentalists.
'POLITICAL SOLUTION THE ONLY WAY OUT'
But GK Pillai only believes in a political solution for Kashmir.
"BJP-PDP coalition have failed to respect what they had promised to the Kashmiri people in their Common Minimum Programme. The village sarpanchs are still not empowered with administrative and financial arms. The MLAs are not ready to give up power to the village panchayats. That's why people are heartbroken."
Sareen on the other hand opines that a persistent strategy with short and mid-term plans will help the government stabalise the situation in Kashmir.
"Clampdown as hard as possible on the hard core separatists as a short term method but at the same time de-doctrinisation, de-radicalisation of the youth through education system is also needed, this will decrease the intensity of the problem in next 10 to 15 years. The idea is to streamline the Kashimiris with the rest of India."
'TALKING TOUGH NOT HELPING'
Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi recently said "The government would come to the negotiation table only if the legally recognised stakeholders participate in the dialogue and not with the separatist elements who rake up the issue of accession or Azadi in Kashmir."
But Subir Bhaumik thinks "The tough line of not negotiating with Hurriyat and other separatist elements in Kashmir has not worked The BJP limits options in Kashmir - or else why cant we ask the simple question- if Bengali Muslims, being 60 per cent of Pakistan's population, got nothing from it except blood and tears, what can the Kashmiris expect. Please hold up the Bangladesh example to Kashmiris Talking tough is getting us nowhere -- we are losing the script in Kashmir."