Aadhaar-like UID number for cows to check smuggling, suggests Centre in report to Supreme Court

The Centre today submitted a report to Supreme Court on cow protection and cow smuggling across the India-Bangladesh border.

Cows could soon have an Aadhaar-like unique identification (UID) number which would have all the details regarding the animal.

This is part of the report that the Centre today submitted to the Supreme Court on cow protection and cattle smuggling across the India-Bangladesh border.

The Centre told the Supreme Court that a committee headed by joint secretary (home) was formed to look into the issue of cattle smuggling.



  1. "Responsibility of safety and care of abandoned animals is mainly of the state government," says the report.
  2. Each district should have a shelter home with a capacity for at least 500 abandoned animals. This, the report states, will help in reducing smuggling.
  3. The report further states that funding of such shelter homes should be done by the state government. The existing shelter homes lacks adequate facilities, the report says.
  4. Special care should be provided for cattle beyond the age of milking. The report states that such animals are mainly smuggled outside India.
  5. The Centre's report also lays emphasis on launching a scheme for farmers in distress so that they do not sell animals that are past the milking age.
  6. Each cow and its progeny across India should get a Unique Identification Number so that they can be tracked, suggests the report.
  7. The UID number should have details such as age, breed, sex, lactation, height, body, colour, horn type, tail switch, special marks etc. The report states that unique identification for cow and its progeny should be made mandatory across India.
  8. To stop smuggling of animals across Bangladesh, active support and cooperation should be sought from public, recommends the report. People should be encouraged to provide information related to movement of animals on roads through toll-free helpline numbers, says the report.