Five airlines will operate on 128 routes, connecting over 30 unserved airports under the regional connectivity scheme, wherein fares are capped at Rs 2,500 for one-hour flights.
The first flight under the scheme – UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) is expected to start next month, Civil Aviation Secretary RN Choubey said on Thursday.
As many as 70 airports, including 31 unserved and 12 under-served, would be connected with the UDAN flights.
Announcing the names of winning bidders and the routes, Choubey said 128 routes are being awarded to a total of five operators.
The operators are Air India's subsidiary Airline Allied Services, SpiceJet, Air Deccan, Air Odisha and Turbo Megha.
They would be operating 19-78 seater aircraft, he said.
These flights would connect airports spread across 20 states and union territories including Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
The airports that would be connected under UDAN include Bhatinda, Shimla, Bilaspur, Neyveli, Cooch Behar, Nanded and Kadapa.
On each flight, 50 percent of the seats would have a cap of Rs 2,500 per seat/hour, Choubey said.
Airline Allied Services would operate on 15 routes, SpiceJet (11), Turbo Megha Airways (18), Air Deccan (34) and Air Odisha Aviation (50).
Under UDAN, the operators would be extended viability gap funding – for which money is partly raised through a levy of up to Rs 8,500 on flights operating in major routes like Delhi and Mumbai.
The viability gap funding amount is estimated to be around Rs 205 crore per annum for the operators chosen in the first round of bidding, Choubey said.
When asked how the amount of Rs 205 crore could translate to in terms of increased price on fliers on the major routes where the levy is imposed, Choubey said it would be around "Rs 50 per passenger”.
"That is the ball park figure which is less than 1 percent of the average ticket price," he noted.
Further, Choubey said airports coming under this round of UDAN are in "ready to fly or nearly ready to fly conditions" and the next round of bidding would commence shortly.
Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha said the criteria for selecting the winning bidders was based on the level of viability gap funding each of them were on per seat.
The viability gap funding would be in place for three years for the airlines concerned from the date of starting operations in a particular UDAN route.
The scheme also provides for various benefits, including no airport charges and three-year exclusivity on the routes.
SpiceJet's CMD Ajay Singh said the airline would not be availing viability gap funding.
Amber Dubey, Partner and Head of Aerospace and Defence at KPMG in India said timely payment of viability gap funding to the operators would be key to sustainable operations.
Amber Dubey AAI must install fool-proof monitoring mechanism to ensure no undue delays happen.
The ministry and regulator DGCA should also allow sharing of licensed crew among the operators in order to reduce the cost of operators.
Responding to a query about some airlines shutting down in recent times, Raju said, "some airlines have crashed, some are alive".
Referring to the new operators under UDAN, the minister said:
I guess when we start anything, we don’t move prophecies of doom... We wish the airlines here will be serving the Indian skies.
Airports Authority of India (AAI) is the implementing agency for UDAN.
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