How old is Kolkata?
The answers are so many that we have to list it:
- Just 11 years. In 2001, Calcutta was renamed Kolkata.
- The spelling of ‘Calcutta’ was coined by Job Charnock in 1690, so it’s roughly 322 years old.
- The three-village conglomerate (Kolikata, Sutanuti, Gobindopur), have been around for centuries. Abul Fazal refers to Saptagram (a bigger village group) back in 1596 in the Ain-i-Akbari.
- The Portuguese passed through this region often while trading/raiding Bengal 1530 onwards.
- Manasamangal, the epic on the snake goddess Manasa composed around 1484, mentions Kalighat, the Kali temple in Kolkata.
- About 35 km from Kolkata, lie the ruins of Chandraketugarh, with relics from 400 to 100 BC. This fort, now an archaeological site, was part of what Greek historians like Megasthenes, Plutarch and Siculus describe as Gangaridai, the land through which flows the Ganga, inhabited by the Gangaridae people. It seemed a King was around in 300 BC, and he was powerful (and prosperous)